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Common in protected beaches in bays and estuaries along BC coast.
Variety of substrates but typically occur in beaches of porous sand, broken shell, gravel and mud; may occur in association with littleneck clam; burrow to a maximum depth of 25 cm; planktonic larvae are dispersed by currents; adults remain in same burrow for life.
Firm, gravel beaches; often in association with butter clam; burrow to a maximum depth of 15 cm, but usually 3-8 cm below surface; planktonic larvae dispersed by currents; adults remain in same burrow for life.
Sand-gravel beaches; burrow just below surface, to maximum depth of approximately 10 cm; planktonic larvae dispersed by currents; adults remain in same location for life.
Sandy, exposed beaches; usually burrows from just below surface to a depth of 25 cm; can burrow to depths greater than 60 cm in less than a minute; planktonic larvae dispersed by currents; do not form permanent burrows.
Lower third of intertidal zone; may occur to 15 m subtidal depth
Slow; sexually mature at 38 mm (about 3 yr.); legal size of 63 mm is reached in 5-6 yr. in Strait of Georgia, 7-8 yr. in Alert Bay and after 9 yr. in north coast.
Source: Fisheries and Oceans Canada